The certificate of the customs representative of FCS of Russia No. 0875/00

Delivery and customs clearance of goods from Thailand to Russia

Main > Useful information > Delivery and customs clearance of goods from Thailand to Russia

Thailand is located in Southeast Asia on the Indochina Peninsula. It is not only a beautiful country with a unique culture, but also an active trade partner of many countries, including Russia. Every year, a variety of goods are transported to the territory of the Russian Federation from Thailand and back by different trade routes. Goods are sent both in the form of public procurement, and in the form of orders from private individuals and legal entities.



The volume of exports and imports is growing every year, with Russian imports exceeding exports by 2.5 times. At the end of 2018, the export turnover increased by 47% compared to 2017, while the volume of imports increased by 8%. Russia supplies Thailand with wheat, fertilizers, oil, and imports mainly canned pineapples, technical devices, and silver products.

However, a variety of products are exported from Thailand. In large cities, the production of household appliances and electronics is developed. This country has enough natural resources: coal, non-ferrous and rare earth metals, and oil. For example, rubber and coal are very actively exported. Extracted and exported:

  • precious stones;
  • manganese;
  • tin;
  • tungsten;
  • zinc and other minerals.

A significant percentage of the total supply is made up of food products:

  • exotic fruits;

  • vegetables;

  • tea and coffee;

  • rice;

  • sugarcane;

  • cotton.

In addition, Thailand imports:

  • ground transport vehicles and spare parts;

  • pearl;

  • cosmetic;

  • traditional medicines;

  • furniture;

  • clothing;

  • shoes;

  • textile.

Especially in demand is the delivery of perishable goods from Thailand, as well as the delivery of bulk and bulk cargo.

Features of cargo transportation

The cargo transportation procedure has special features and nuances related to the organization and legal support. It is necessary to have an understanding of the main pitfalls or contact the company that provides such services, otherwise the organization of delivery will take a lot of effort, time and money. The main feature of cargo transportation between Russia and Thailand is related to the fact that transportation between the States is usually carried out only by sea or by air. Due to the long distance between countries and the need to cross the borders of neighboring countries, it is not profitable to transport goods by road.

Due to the long distance between the Russian Federation and Thailand, it is important to choose the best travel routes in order to minimize the final cost and delivery time. For example, the most popular points of departure are the Korat, Nonthaburi, United Baccarat, Pattaya and Bangkok. More than half of Thailand is covered by mountains, which imposes certain conditions on the choice of modes of transport.


Another feature is related to the ban on the export of certain goods. Since Thailand grows a variety of exotic fruits for the middle zone, part of Thailand's exports are focused on this category of products. However, not all fruits can be exported. The ban, for example, applies to a fruit such as durian.

Cargo delivery by air

Air route is the fastest way of cargo transportation from Thailand to the Russian Federation. The average delivery time is from 5 to 7 days. There are five major airports on the territory of the state that can be used in the transportation process. They are selected depending on the end point on the territory of Russia. Terms of transportation are determined based on the route. However, you will need to pay the appropriate price for high speed. A large amount is fully justified if the product is classified as perishable. In this case, each additional day on the road can cause damage to an entire batch of products. If we are talking about other categories, it is profitable to transport only small batches of products (fragile dishes or furniture) or goods with a high degree of liquidity by plane.


Transportation by sea

Another way to deliver cargo from Thailand is by sea. The Kingdom has access to two seas – the Andaman and South China, and a sufficient number of ports simplify the procedure. The largest are considered to be Sattahip, Phuket, Bangkok, Ranong, Pattani. The same seaports were awarded the title of international ones. All cargo most often arrives at the Russian port in Vladivostok. From this point, they are sent by different routes to the final customer. The travel time varies. The average period is from 35 to 50 days. The advantage of the sea route is that the ship can transfer goods of any volume and size. There are practically no restrictions when using sea transport.

Modular cargo


You can deliver cargo to Russia from Thailand as part of a combined cargo. In such circumstances, the delivery time will be extended by several days, since it is necessary to completely fill the container or other tank in which the goods will be stored throughout the entire route. The cost of this method is significantly reduced, since the customer pays only for the space that his cargo occupies, and not for the entire transport as a whole.

General cargo

This method is used by companies that need to transfer large quantities of goods. In such circumstances, a whole container is allocated for one customer. The cost of such transportation is higher than in the case of combined cargo. Payment is made for all transport, regardless of the fullness of the container.
hat his cargo occupies, and not for the entire transport as a whole.


Trade with Thailand is an opportunity to create a promising and profitable business. The only problem that can be encountered is the considerable distance to the territory of Russia. It is very difficult to organize the entire process of cargo transportation by yourself. The risk of loss or damage to goods is especially increased if there is no knowledge of legal, tax and transport features. You can transfer full responsibility for your cargo to our company throughout the entire route. Our specialists will not only calculate the fastest and most profitable route, but also monitor the condition and safety of the goods. At the request of the client, the company will take care of all the paperwork (customs declarations, forwarding lists). We provide a full range of services, starting from establishing cooperation with suppliers in Thailand, ending with cargo inspection upon arrival in Russia.

Customs clearance

Customs clearance of goods from Thailand has some features. Customs clearance is performed at different customs posts, the choice of which is determined by the method of cargo transportation.

Goods that are delivered by air are cleared at customs posts at the airports:

  • Sheremetyevo (Moscow);

  • Domodedovo (Moscow);

  • Vnukovo (Moscow);

  • Knevichi (Vladivostok);

  • Koltsovo (Yekaterinburg);

  • Khrabrovo (Kaliningrad);

  • Pulkovo (Saint Petersburg);

  • Tolmachevo (Novosibirsk).

Cargo transported by sea in major ports:

  • Novorossiysk;

  • Vladivostok;

  • Bronka;

  • Ust-Luga;

  • Kaliningrad;

  • Big port of Saint Petersburg.

To clear the cargo, you will need to go through all the preparatory procedures step by step. First of all, classify the cargo according to the HS CODE, determine the import duty rates for each type of product, calculate the amount of duty, VAT, customs duties, then fill out the delaration and submit it.

Some time ago, a large-scale transformation of the customs structure began, aimed at digitalizing the customs clearance process. The Declaration can now be submitted in electronic form together with the package of documents to the CED.

Documents for a batch of goods:

  • a foreign trade contract;

  • a passport of the transaction, if the amount exceeds the established limit;

  • an invoice;

  • a packing list;

  • permits, including certificate of origin, certificates and declarations of conformity;

  • statements and receipts confirming payment of customs duty, customs value;

  • an insurance policy;

  • aphytosanitary certificate if photo goods (perishable goods of plant origin) are imported.

The customs inspector will check the documents. Then a customs inspection or customs inspection will be performed if there is a risk. The customs service will pay attention to the customs value and adjust it up if necessary. You may need to prove the real value of the product using account statements, correspondence with the supplier, and so on. If no serious violations are detected, the cargo will be processed in the selected customs regime within the standard time frame.


The customs clearance process takes from a few hours to 2 days, if everything is in order. The time spent on preparing the necessary documents: obtaining certificates, permits, is not taken into account here. You need to take care of this in advance, as some paperwork may take weeks or even months to complete. That is why we recommend carefully checking the completeness of the package of documents and the correctness of filling in each of them. When the goods have already arrived and will be placed on the TSW, the delay in customs clearance associated with the completion of documents or the request for papers from the supplier will result in additional costs.

Terms of customs clearance are extended if:

  • changes are made to the Declaration;

  • customs inspection is scheduled;

  • customs expertise is being conducted;

  • the HS code is incorrectly defined;

  • you need to get permission from the copyright holder;

  • no customs payments were made.

Customs clearance of products from Thailand can be performed using the ATA Carnet, which allows you to temporarily import exhibition samples, equipment or other items into the country without paying customs duties.

As for the calculation of customs payments, the duty rate will depend on the product code in the customs CODE. Thailand is a developing country, so there are preferences for certain products when confirming origin (using a Form a certificate). A reduction factor of 0.75 is applied.

Customs payments are calculated using standard formulas. First, you need to learn how to calculate the customs value (CV), which consists of the cost of products and transportation costs abroad.

Customs duty = CV * %

VAT = (CV + customs duty) * %

The VAT rate can be 0, 10 or 20%.

A customs fee – payment for customs clearance services-is a fixed amount, the amount of which depends on the vehicle. The updated rates are shown in the table:

Customs value of goods

Amount of fees

does not exceed 200 thousand rubles inclusive


200 thousand rubles 1 kopeck and more, but does not exceed 450 thousand inclusive


450 thou. rubles 1 kopeck and more, but does not exceed 1200 thousand RUB. inclusive


1200 thousand rubles 1 kopeck and more, but not more than 2700 thousand RUB inclusive


2700 thousand rubles 1 kopeck and more, but not more than 4200 thousand rubles inclusive


4200 thousand rubles 1 kopeck and more, but not more than 5500 thousand rubles inclusive


5500 thousand rubles 1 kopeck and more, but not more than 7,000 thousand inclusive



7000 thousand RUB 1 kopeck and more, but not more than 8000 thousand RUB inclusive


8000 thousand rubles 1 kopeck and more, but does not exceed 9000 rubles. inclusive


9000 thousand rubles 1 kopeck and more, but not more than 10000 thousand rubles inclusive


10,000 thousand rubles 1 kopeck or more


Then everything - customs duty, VAT and customs duty, must be added up. This amount will need to be deposited to the unified settlement account of the Federal customs service of Russia. It is recommended to make a few more than calculated, just in case. The balance will be returned to the declarant's account.

SB cargo services

SB cargo provides international transportation and customs clearance services. Our company's customs broker will take care of the delivery documents and collect all the necessary documents. If you do not want to participate in a foreign economic transaction, we suggest using the foreign trade outsourcing service. This means that we will act as a foreign trade agent and enter into a contract with the supplier for our company, assuming all obligations.

Our specialists have a high level of professionalism, have the necessary licenses and competence. We provide services based on a contract. In order for you to get a free consultation, we will need the basic documents for the delivery, in particular the invoice. You can submit a request for transportation or customs clearance by phone, email, or on the website. However, please note, that the request must be sent from corporate communication channels.

Dear customers! We only work with cargo owners and ready-made commercial documentation for the goods. To get advice, you need to sign a customs representation agreement with us and provide: a signed foreign trade contract, invoice, packing list. Please form requests from the company's corporate email address. Requests from email addresses registered on free mail services, in accordance with the company's security policy, fall into SPAM
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